Taxation of IT services in Pakistan involves several laws and regulations that govern the collection of taxes from individuals and companies engaged in providing IT services. In this article, we will discuss the definitions and examples of different types of taxes that are levied on IT services in Pakistan.
Income tax is a tax on income earned by individuals and companies. In Pakistan, income tax is levied on the income of companies providing IT services. The rate of income tax varies depending on the income level. For example, for the financial year 2022, the income tax rate for companies providing IT services is 29%.
Sales tax is a tax on the sale of goods and services. In Pakistan, sales tax is levied on the provision of IT services. The standard rate of sales tax is 17%, but different rates are applied to different types of IT services. For example, the sales tax rate for computer hardware and software services is 17%.
Federal Excise Duty (FED):
Federal Excise Duty (FED) is a tax on the production and consumption of certain goods and services. In Pakistan, FED is levied on certain IT services, including internet services, telecommunication services, and call center services. The FED rate varies depending on the type of service. For example, the FED rate for internet services is 17%.
Withholding tax is a tax on income that is deducted at the source. In Pakistan, withholding tax is levied on payments made to companies providing IT services. The rate of withholding tax varies depending on the type of service. For example, the withholding tax rate for IT services provided by non-resident companies is 15%.
Capital Value Tax (CVT):
Capital Value Tax (CVT) is a tax on the sale of immovable property. In Pakistan, CVT is also levied on the transfer of software, including off-the-shelf software, custom software, and licenses. The CVT rate is 1% of the value of the transaction.
In addition to federal taxes, some provinces in Pakistan also levy their own taxes on IT services. For example, in the province of Punjab, a tax called the Punjab Infrastructure Development Cess (PIDC) is levied on internet services, telecommunication services, and call center services. The PIDC rate is 0.5% of the value of the transaction.
In conclusion, taxation of IT services in Pakistan involves several taxes and levies that are applied to different types of IT services. These taxes include income tax, sales tax, federal excise duty, withholding tax, capital value tax, and provincial taxes. Companies providing IT services in Pakistan are required to comply with these tax laws and regulations to avoid penalties and legal action.