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How to register a private limited company in Pakistan

How to register a private limited company in Pakistan


Registering a private limited company in Pakistan is a significant step towards establishing a business entity with separate legal existence. This guide aims to provide a detailed overview of the process involved in setting up a private limited company in Pakistan, including definitions, examples, and case studies to illustrate key concepts and requirements.


Private Limited Company:

A private limited company is a legal entity formed by individuals to carry out business activities while limiting the liability of its shareholders. It requires a minimum of two and a maximum of fifty shareholders.

Memorandum of Association (MOA):

The MOA outlines the company’s objectives, scope, and limitations. It defines the company’s relationship with shareholders and serves as a contract between the company and its members.

Articles of Association (AOA):

The AOA defines the internal regulations and operational procedures of the company. It covers matters such as the appointment and removal of directors, issuance of shares, dividend policies, and more.

Process of Registering a Private Limited Company:

Name Reservation:

a. Choose a unique name for the company and check its availability on the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) website.
b. Once a name is selected, file an online application with the SECP for name reservation.

Obtaining Digital Signatures:

a. Apply for digital signatures for all proposed directors from the National Institutional Facilitation Technologies (NIFT).
b. Submit the necessary documents and fees to NIFT to obtain digital signatures.

Preparation of Incorporation Documents:

a. Prepare the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 2017.
b. Include essential details such as the company’s name, registered office address, objectives, share capital, and shareholder information.

Filing Incorporation Documents:

a. Create an account on the SECP e-Services portal and submit the incorporation application online.
b. Attach the MOA, AOA, Form 1 (Declaration of compliance), and other relevant documents as required.
c. Pay the requisite fee online.

Company Registration:

a. Upon submission, the SECP will review the application and documents.
b. If everything is in order, the SECP will issue a Certificate of Incorporation.
c. The company is officially registered and can commence its operations.


To better understand the process, consider the following examples:

Example 1:

Mr. Ahmed and Mr. Khan want to start a software development company in Lahore, Pakistan. They decide to register a private limited company named “InnovateTech (Pvt.) Ltd.”

Example 2:

Ms. Aliya, Mr. Haider, and Mr. Raza plan to establish an e-commerce venture in Karachi, Pakistan. They form a private limited company named “ShopEasy (Pvt.) Ltd.”

Case Studies:

Case Study 1: XYZ Pharmaceuticals (Pvt.) Ltd.
This case study explores the registration process of a pharmaceutical company and highlights the specific considerations and requirements in the industry.

Case Study 2: ABC Consulting Services (Pvt.) Ltd.
This case study examines the registration process of a consulting services company and discusses the unique aspects involved in the services sector.


Registering a private limited company in Pakistan involves a systematic process that ensures legal compliance and protection for shareholders. By understanding the definitions, following the step-by-step process, and reviewing examples and case studies, entrepreneurs can navigate the registration process successfully. It is crucial to consult with legal and financial professionals to ensure compliance with all legal requirements and optimize the registration process. With the appropriate knowledge and guidance, entrepreneurs can establish a private limited company in Pakistan and embark on their entrepreneurial journey.