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The Role of Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) in Taxation

The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) is the central body in Pakistan that is responsible for collecting and managing the country’s revenue through taxation. The FBR was established in 1948 and is responsible for the administration of the country’s tax laws, including the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, the Sales Tax Act, 1990, and the Federal Excise Act, 2005. In this article, we will discuss the role of the FBR in taxation in detail with definitions and examples.

Tax Collection

One of the primary roles of the FBR is to collect taxes from individuals and businesses. The FBR collects taxes through various channels, including income tax, sales tax, and customs duty. The revenue collected is then used by the government to fund public services such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure development.

For example, if an individual earns a salary of PKR 100,000 per month, they are required to pay income tax on their earnings. The FBR collects the tax and transfers it to the government’s account.

Tax Compliance

The FBR is responsible for ensuring that individuals and businesses comply with tax laws and regulations. The FBR conducts audits and investigations to ensure that taxpayers are accurately reporting their income and paying the appropriate amount of taxes. The FBR also provides guidance and support to taxpayers to help them comply with tax laws and regulations.

For example, if a business is found to be underreporting its sales to avoid paying sales tax, the FBR will conduct an investigation and impose penalties on the business.

Tax Policy Development

The FBR plays an essential role in the development of tax policies and reforms. The FBR provides recommendations to the government on tax policies and helps to develop and implement tax reforms to improve the country’s tax system.

For example, if the government decides to introduce a new tax policy, the FBR will provide input on the potential impact of the policy and help to develop the necessary framework and infrastructure to implement the policy.

Taxpayer Services

The FBR also provides services to taxpayers, including registration, filing tax returns, and issuing tax certificates. The FBR has also introduced an online portal to facilitate taxpayers to file tax returns and make payments online.

For example, if an individual wants to register as a taxpayer, they can visit the FBR’s website and complete the registration process online.

Tax Enforcement

The FBR is responsible for enforcing tax laws and regulations in Pakistan. The FBR has the authority to impose penalties on taxpayers who do not comply with tax laws, including fines and imprisonment.

For example, if an individual is found guilty of tax evasion, the FBR can impose penalties and fines on the individual.


In conclusion, the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) plays a crucial role in taxation in Pakistan. The FBR is responsible for collecting taxes, ensuring tax compliance, developing tax policies, providing taxpayer services, and enforcing tax laws and regulations. By fulfilling these responsibilities, the FBR helps to generate revenue for the government, fund public services, and promote economic growth in the country.