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SECP company registration FAQs

What is the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP)?

The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) is the regulatory authority responsible for overseeing the corporate sector in Pakistan. Its main functions include regulating the securities market, protecting investors’ interests, promoting corporate governance, and ensuring compliance with relevant laws and regulations.

Why is company registration important?

Company registration is important as it provides legal recognition to a business entity. It establishes the company as a separate legal entity, distinct from its owners or shareholders. Registered companies enjoy various benefits, such as limited liability, easier access to financing, credibility in the market, and the ability to engage in legal transactions.

What are the types of companies that can be registered with the SECP?

The SECP allows the registration of various types of companies, including:

Private Limited Company: This is the most common form of company and is suitable for small to medium-sized businesses.
Single-Member Company: A company with only one shareholder.
Public Unlisted Company: A company that issues shares to the general public but is not listed on any stock exchange.
Non-Profit Company: A company established for promoting charitable, educational, or other non-profit activities.
Foreign Company: A company incorporated outside Pakistan but operating within the country.

What are the basic requirements for company registration?

The basic requirements for company registration with the SECP include:

Minimum of two directors (except for a single-member company).

Minimum of two shareholders (except for a single-member company).
Registered office address in Pakistan.
Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) stating the company’s objectives, rules, and regulations.
Forms and declarations, such as Form 1 (Declaration of Compliance) and Form 21 (Notice of Situation of Registered Office).

Can a foreigner or a non-resident individual register a company in Pakistan?

Yes, foreign individuals and non-residents can register a company in Pakistan. However, certain conditions and requirements must be fulfilled. These include appointing a local representative, obtaining necessary approvals from relevant authorities, and complying with foreign investment regulations.

What is the process and timeline for company registration?

The process for company registration involves the following steps:

Preparation and submission of the required documents, including MOA, AOA, and relevant forms.
Payment of registration fees.
Review and scrutiny of the documents by the SECP.
Issuance of the certificate of incorporation upon successful verification.
The timeline for company registration may vary depending on the completeness of the application and the workload at the SECP. Generally, it takes around two to four weeks to obtain the certificate of incorporation.

Are there any post-registration formalities?

After company registration, certain post-registration formalities must be completed, including:

Obtaining a National Tax Number (NTN) from the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) for tax purposes.
Registering for sales tax (if applicable) with the relevant tax authority.
Opening a bank account in the company’s name.
Complying with annual filing and reporting requirements, such as filing annual returns, financial statements, and other regulatory documents with the SECP.

What are the ongoing compliance requirements for registered companies?

Registered companies must comply with various ongoing requirements, including:

Holding regular board meetings and annual general meetings.
Maintaining proper accounting records and preparing financial statements.
Complying with tax obligations and filing annual tax returns.
Ensuring corporate governance practices, such as appointing auditors, independent directors, and complying with relevant codes of conduct.

Can a company change its name or registered office address after registration?

Yes, a company can change its name or registered office address after registration. However, such changes require the approval of the SECP and must follow the prescribed procedures and documentation.

What are the consequences of non-compliance with SECP regulations?

Non-compliance with SECP regulations can result in penalties, fines, or legal action against the company and its officers. It may also lead to reputational damage, loss of business opportunities, and difficulty in accessing financing or attracting investors.


Remember, while these FAQs provide general information, it is advisable to consult with professionals or legal experts for specific guidance regarding SECP company registration.