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How to register a subsidiary company in Pakistan?

How to register a subsidiary company in Pakistan?


Registering a subsidiary company in Pakistan involves a systematic process to ensure compliance with legal requirements and establish a separate legal entity under the parent company. This guide provides a detailed overview of the registration process, definitions of key terms, examples of subsidiary companies, relevant case studies, and a conclusion. By following these steps, potential investors and entrepreneurs can navigate the intricacies of subsidiary company registration in Pakistan.


Subsidiary Company: A subsidiary company is an entity that is controlled by another company, known as the parent company. The parent company holds the majority of the subsidiary’s shares, allowing it to exercise control over the subsidiary’s operations and decision-making processes.

Memorandum and Articles of Association (MAA): The MAA is a legal document that outlines the objectives, rules, and regulations of a company. It includes information regarding the company’s name, registered office, share capital, shareholders’ rights, and management structure.

National Tax Number (NTN): The NTN is a unique identification number issued by the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) in Pakistan. It is required for tax purposes and enables companies to fulfill their tax obligations.


Choose a Name: Select a unique and appropriate name for your subsidiary company. Make sure the name is not already registered or infringing on any existing trademarks.

Memorandum and Articles of Association: Prepare the Memorandum and Articles of Association (MAA) of the subsidiary company. The MAA outlines the company’s objectives, capital structure, shareholders’ rights, and other important details.

Directors and Shareholders: Appoint at least one director and a minimum of two shareholders for the subsidiary company. The shareholders can be individuals or corporate entities.

Registered Office: Decide on a registered office address for the subsidiary company within Pakistan. This address will be used for official correspondence.

Obtain Digital Signature and NTN: Apply for a digital signature and National Tax Number (NTN) for the proposed subsidiary company. The digital signature is necessary for online submissions, and the NTN is required for tax purposes.

Name Availability: Check the availability of the chosen company name with the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP). You can perform an online name search on the SECP’s eServices portal.

Reserve the Company Name: Once the name is available, reserve it with the SECP by filing an online application. This reservation is valid for 90 days.

Incorporation Documents: Prepare the necessary incorporation documents, including the MAA, Form 1 (Declaration of Compliance), Form 21 (Notice of Situation of Registered Office), Form 29 (Particulars of Directors, Secretary, and Chief Accountant), and Form 28 (Consent to Act as Director).

Submission to the SECP: Submit the incorporation documents along with the required fees to the SECP through their eServices portal. Ensure all information is accurate and complete.

Payment of Fee: Pay the registration fee and other applicable charges as per the SECP’s schedule of fees. The fee depends on the authorized share capital of the subsidiary company.

Verification and Approval: The SECP will review the submitted documents and may request additional information or clarification. Once the documents are verified and approved, the SECP will issue a Certificate of Incorporation.

Register with Tax Authorities: Register the subsidiary company with the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) for tax purposes. Obtain a Sales Tax Registration Number (STRN) and fulfill other tax-related requirements.

Open Bank Account: After receiving the Certificate of Incorporation, open a bank account in the name of the subsidiary company. You will need the certificate, along with other required documents, to complete the bank account opening process.

Examples of Subsidiary Companies:

XYZ Holdings: XYZ Holdings, a multinational conglomerate, establishes a subsidiary in Pakistan known as XYZ Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. The subsidiary operates independently but is owned and controlled by XYZ Holdings. This arrangement allows XYZ Holdings to expand its operations and tap into the local market.

ABC Pharmaceuticals: ABC Pharmaceuticals, a renowned pharmaceutical company, sets up a subsidiary in Pakistan named ABC Pharmaceuticals Pakistan Limited. The subsidiary focuses on manufacturing and distributing pharmaceutical products in the country, aligning with the parent company’s global strategy.

Case Studies:

Case Study 1: Engaging in Joint Ventures
In 2019, an international construction company, ConstructionCo, decided to enter the Pakistani market. To facilitate market entry and comply with local regulations, ConstructionCo established a subsidiary named ConstructionCo Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. The subsidiary partnered with a local construction firm to form a joint venture, combining their expertise and resources to undertake large-scale construction projects in the country.

Case Study 2: Expanding Market Presence
A technology company, TechSolutions Inc., desired to expand its market presence in Pakistan. To achieve this, TechSolutions established a subsidiary called TechSolutions Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. The subsidiary focused on developing customized software solutions tailored to the local market’s needs, leveraging the parent company’s technological expertise. This subsidiary allowed TechSolutions to establish a stronger foothold in the Pakistani technology sector.


Registering a subsidiary company in Pakistan entails a step-by-step process to ensure compliance with legal requirements and establish a separate legal entity under the parent company. By adhering to the guidelines provided in this comprehensive guide, potential investors and entrepreneurs can navigate the registration process successfully.

Establishing a subsidiary company offers numerous advantages, such as expanding market presence, leveraging local resources, and complying with regulatory frameworks. The case studies presented demonstrate how subsidiary companies can effectively enter new markets and contribute to the parent company’s growth.

However, it is essential to consult with professional lawyers or corporate service providers familiar with the registration process in Pakistan. They can provide valuable insights and guidance throughout the process, ensuring legal compliance and a smooth establishment of the subsidiary company.

By understanding the intricacies of subsidiary company registration and following the necessary steps, businesses can benefit from the opportunities presented by the Pakistani market while maintaining a strong connection to their parent company.