Taxation of Food Processing Companies in Pakistan

Taxation of Food Processing Companies in Pakistan

Taxation of food processing companies in Pakistan is an important aspect of the country’s taxation system. Food processing companies are those that take raw agricultural products and transform them into value-added food products such as canned fruits, packaged snacks, and bottled drinks. In Pakistan, these companies are subject to a range of taxes, including income tax, sales tax, and excise duty.

Income tax is a tax levied on the income of individuals, companies, and other entities. In Pakistan, food processing companies are subject to income tax at a rate of 29% for the tax year 2021. The income tax is calculated on the company’s net income, which is the difference between its total revenue and expenses. This includes any profits earned from the sale of food products, as well as any interest or dividends earned from investments.

Sales tax is a tax levied on the sale of goods and services. In Pakistan, food processing companies are required to collect sales tax from customers on their behalf and remit it to the government. The current sales tax rate for food products in Pakistan is 17%. However, certain items such as fruits and vegetables are exempt from sales tax.

Excise duty is a tax levied on the production, sale, or use of certain goods. In Pakistan, food processing companies are subject to excise duty on specific items such as soft drinks, juices, and bottled water. The excise duty rate varies depending on the product, with soft drinks being subject to the highest rate at 13%.

To illustrate the impact of these taxes on food processing companies in Pakistan, let’s consider the case of a company that produces canned fruits. The company’s revenue for the year is Rs. 10 million, and its total expenses are Rs. 8 million, resulting in a net income of Rs. 2 million. The company’s tax liability would be as follows:

Income tax: Rs. 580,000 (29% of net income)

Sales tax: Rs. 1,530,000 (17% of revenue)

Excise duty: Rs. 0 (canned fruits are not subject to excise duty)

Therefore, the total tax liability of the company would be Rs. 2,110,000. This represents a significant portion of the company’s net income, which could impact its ability to invest in growth and innovation.

In recent years, the Pakistani government has introduced several initiatives to encourage investment in the food processing sector, including tax incentives and subsidies. For example, the government offers a tax credit to companies that invest in new machinery or equipment for food processing purposes. Additionally, the government has established special economic zones where food processing companies can operate tax-free for a period of up to ten years.

Despite these incentives, many food processing companies in Pakistan continue to struggle with high taxation rates, particularly in the face of increasing competition from multinational corporations. To remain competitive, companies must focus on innovation and efficiency, and explore opportunities to diversify their product offerings and expand into new markets.


In conclusion, taxation of food processing companies in Pakistan is a complex issue that requires careful consideration of the impact on businesses and the broader economy. While taxes are necessary to fund government services and programs, excessive taxation can stifle innovation and growth. To support the growth of the food processing sector in Pakistan, the government must strike a balance between generating revenue and creating a favorable environment for businesses to thrive.